MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Chapter 33 Africa: Economic Development

MP Board Class 7th Social Science Chapter 33 Text Book Questions

Choose the correct alternatives:

Question 1.
The total % of cultivable land in Africa is:
(a) 10%
(b) 20%
(c.) 30%
(d) 40%
Answer:
(a) 10%

Question 2.
Agriculture has developed the most in the area of:
(a) Sahara desert
(b) Nile Valley
(c) Central Africa
(d) S. Africa
Answer:
(b) Nile Valley

Question 3.
Africa produces 90% of the world’s:
(a) Groundnuts
(b) Coco
(c) Cloves
(d) Tea
Answer:
(c) Cloves

Question 4.
The length of the cap e-Cairo Railways is:
(a) 5620 km
(b) 4530 km
(c) 6710 km
(d) 8800 km
Answer:
(d) 8800 km

Fill in the blanks:

  1. ……………. per cent of the world’s diamonds are mined in Africa
  2. …………… is the major producer of cotton in Africa.
  3. The world’s famous sea route is the ………….. canal.
  4. The ……………. is the capital of Zimbabwe.
  5. The total population of Africa is approximately ……………. crores.

Answer:

  1. 50%
  2. Egypt
  3. Suez
  4. Harare
  5. 54

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Match the Columns:

MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Chapter 33 Africa Economic Development-2
Answer:
1. (c) Major food crop
2. (d) South Africa
3. (e) Desert
4. (a) Tribe
5. (b) Railway

MP Board Class 7th Social Science Chapter 33 Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Which type of cotton is produced in Africa?
Answer:
Fibrous cotton is produced in Africa.

Question 2.
Write the name of two important minerals of Africa?
Answer:
Diamond and Gold.

Question 3.
Name the important items of Africa’s import and export.
Answer:
Items of import:
Cotton, woolen and silk clothes, sugar, cement, medicines, chemicals, machines, railway goods, paper, etc. Items of export: Gold, diamond, machinery, food items, coffee, oil-seeds, natural gas, oil, pulses, i coco, petroleum, etc.

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Question 4.
To which areas do the Bushman, Tureg and Pygmy tribe belong?
Answer:

  1. Tribe            The area to which they belong
  2. Bushman     The Kalahari desert
  3. Tureg           The Sahara desert
  4. Pygmy         Forest of Central Africa

MP Board Class 7th Social Science Chapter 33 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe the areas of cultivation of the major crops of Africa.
Answer:
In Africa only 10% of the soil is suitable for agriculture. The major crops grown in Africa are:
1. Wheat and Barley:
Mainly cultivated in Egypt Algeria and Morocco.

2. Maize:
It is cultivated mainly in Belgium, Congo, Angola, Kenya and Morocco.

3. Cotton:
Five per cent of cotton in the world is produced by Africa. Egypt is the largest producer of cotton in Africa Kenya, Uganda and Nigeria are the other major cotton producer countries.

4. Groundnuts:
Africa produces 22% of the groundnuts in the world. Major producing countries are Niger, Sudan and Nigeria

5. Coco:
World’s total 50% of the coco is produced in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda.

6. Rice:
Major producers of rice are Malagasy, Senegal and Nigeria

7. Cloves:
Zanzibar and Pemba islands produce 90% of cloves in the world.

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Question 2.
Describe the industrial development of Africa.
Answer:
Africa is mostly covered by plateaus and deep forests due to which the means of transport is not well developed. It is the main cause which has hampered the industrial progress. The important agriculture-based industries are wine, sugar, cotton clothes, cigarettes and extractions of olive oil, etc.

The leather and woolen industries have also progressed due to cattle and sheep rearing. The large industries have flourished in mostly South Africa and Egypt where iron and steel, cement, garments and utensils are manufactured. Pretoria, Johanseburg, Durban, Cairo, Alexandria are the main centers of industries.

Question 3.
Write about the mineral resources of Africa.
Answer:
Africa is very rich in several valuable minerals. It is the leading diamond producer 50% of the diamonds in the world is mined here. Major producers are Zaire, Botswana and South Africa. Africa produces more than 50% of the gold in the world.

Major producing countries are South Africa, Central African Republic, Southern Rhodesia and Ghana. Copper is produced in Congo, Zambia and South Africa. Manganese is found in Ghana and South Africa. Iron is found in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia Apart from these minerals, several other minerals like uranium, tin, lead, chromium etc. are also found in Africa.

Map work:
Make the following in the map of Africa.

  1. Nile Valley
  2. Zanzibar and Pemba Islands
  3. Suez route
  4. Diamond mining area
  5. South Africa
  6. Cape – Cairo Railway

Answer:

MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions Chapter 33 Africa Economic Development-1

MP Board Class 7th Social Science Solutions

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