MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 21 The Local Self-Government
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 21 Text Book Exercise
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 21 Short Answer type Questions
What is the head of a Gram-Panchayat called?
The head of a Gram-Panchayat is called Sarpanch.
What is tenure of the Panchayats?
The tenure of the Panchayats is five years. If the Sarpanch does not fulfil his duties properly, he/she may be removed by bringing a no confidence motion against him/her.
In how many months the meetings of Gram Sabha are held?
The Gram Sabha holds its meeting in every three months.
What status is given to the President of the Zila Panchayat?
The President of the Zila Panchayat has the status of a State Minister.
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 21 Long answer type Questions
Explain the meaning of local self government.
1. Participation Activities of the Government. The local self-government lightens the work of the Central and State Government. It understands local problems better than the state or Central government.
2. Setting up of Contact between Citizens and Government. The aim of the local self-government is to solve the local problem by cooperation. Thus it sets up a contact between the citizens and the Government. The local people alone are interested in the solution of their problems.
3. Creates Civic Responsibilities. The local self-government creates civic responsibilities among the citizens. They also provide training of administration to the people at lower level.
4. Success of Projects. The local self-government promotes the success of various projects and plan. Thus they promote national development. The local people work with speed and with personal interest.
How is a Gram Panchayat constituted? Explain.
Gram Panchayat is formed with a minimum population of 1000. Small villages (who’s population is less than 1000) are usually merged with the larger villages. In some places one Gram Panchayat works for more than one village. Every Gram Panchayat is divided in several smaller areas. These are called Panchayat wards. People of every ward elect their own Panch. The elected Panch participate in the election of Gram Panchayat from their wards.
Person attaining maximum votes becomes the Panch. There are minimum 10 and maximum 20 Panch in each Gram Panchayat. merged with the larger villages. In some places one Gram Panchayat works for more than one village. Every Gram Panchayat is divided in several smaller areas. These are called Panchayat wards. People of every ward elect their own Panch. The elected Panch participate in the election of Gram Panchayat from their wards. Person attaining maximum votes be-comes the Panch. There are minimum 10 and maximum 20 Panch in each Gram Panchayat.
What work is done by the Gram Panchayat for the development of the villages.
Grain Panchayat performs two types of work. They are called:
1. Compulsory work:
It makes arrangements for water, health, sanitation, upkeep of the roads, lighting arrangements and planting of trees. The Panchayat keeps the village clean, if the drains of urinals or toilets of any house spreads filth in the villages.
2. Voluntary work.
Some of the voluntary functions are: management of health centers, small dispensaries and village markets, helping the immunization of young children organising Akharas or village sports; acquiring and maintaining radio and T.V. sets.
Explain the constitution and functions of the Janpad Panchayat.
Constitution of Janpad Panchayat. All the Pradhans and Panchas of the Gram Panchayat in a block elect their representative to the Janpad Panchayat and Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Assembly, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) who are elected from the Block are also members of the Block Samiti.
The Pradhans of the notified and town area committees coming within that Block are also members of the Block Samiti. There are two female representatives and four scheduled castes representatives in every Block Samiti. All the members of the Block Samiti elect a Chairman and Vice-Chairman.
The main functions of Janpad Panchayat:
(a) The Janpad Panchayat has many experts such as an agricultural expert, an educational expert, a veterinary doctor, etc. These experts provide help and advice to the rural people in various fields. The villagers are helped in obtaining good and improved seed and manures.
(b) The experts educate the people on various matters such as agriculture, improving the breed of cattle and keeping them healthy. The experts bring about a change in the outlook of the village people through education and literacy.
(c) It also obtains money from the state government for development of its Block.
(d) janpad Panchayat looks after the work of Gram Panchayat that comes under its jurisdiction.
Who are the members of the Zila Panchayat?
The Zila Panchayat is constituted of 10 to 35 elected members. The members are elected for a period of 5 years.
The members of Vidhan Sabha, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are also the members of the Zila Panchayat. Only those members of the Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha are members of the Zila Panchayat whose constituency falls fully or partially in a rural area.
Similarly those members of the Rajya Sabha are members of the Zila Panchayat whose names occur in the voter list of a Gram Panchayat. The Presidents of all the Janpad Panchayat are also members of the Zila Panchayat. There is a provision for reservation for scheduled caste, scheduled tribes, backward classes and women.
What are the main problems of your village/city? Make a list of these problems. Who can solve these problems? Write in detail.
Please do with the help of your teacher.
Do a role play depicting the activities of Panchayat or any other local self-governing body.
Please do with the help of your teacher.