MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 25 The Main Crops of India

MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 25 Text Book Exercise

MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 25 Short Answer Type Question

Question 1.
Question (a)
What is the importance of agriculture in India?
India is an agricultural country. 70% of the population lives in villages. They depend on agriculture for their livelihood. The country’s economy is also based on agriculture. Agriculture provides raw material to many industries. These industries based on agriculture contribute to the national income and it has immense possibilities of providing employment.

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Question (b)
Why did agriculture develop rapidly after Independence?
Before independence our villagers were extremely backward. India was under the rule of British Government and British Government paid little attention to the upliftment of villages. Before Independence our agriculture was extremely backward. The following were the causes of its backwardness.

  1. The villages did not have modern facilities of irrigation. Most of fields were watered by the Persian wheel and wells. There were almost no electric water pumps.
  2. Our farmers did not know anything about improved seeds and manure.
  3. Our farmers were illiterate, fatalists and superstitious.
  4. Our fields were cultivated with traditional tools and our farmers did not have a scientific outlook.
  5. The owners of the land were big zamindars. They paid no heed to the improver tent of the land and charged high rent from the tenants.

Question (c)
Write the names of two crops respectively for Kharif, Rabi and Summer crops?
Kharif crops:
These are sown in June and July.
Example: Jowar (Sorghum), Maize, Urad, Moong, Soyabeen Groundnut etc.

Rabi crops:
These are sown between October and December.
Example: Wheat, Gram, Barley, Sweetpeas, Mustard and Barseem etc.

Summer crops:
These are sown between February and March.
Example: Water melon, Bitter gourd, Snakegourd.

Question (d)
The names of some crops are given below. Classify them as pulses and oil – seeds:
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 25 The Main Crops of India img 1
MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions Chapter 25 The Main Crops of India img 2

Question 2.
Pick out the odd one according to foodgrain, oil seed and pulses.

  1. paddy, maize, wheat, millet, sugarcane.
  2. gram, linseed, cotton, mustard.
  3. moong, urad, soyabean, matar, tuar.


  1. sugarcane
  2. cotton
  3. soyabeen

MP Board Class 6th Social Science Chapter 25 Long Answer Type Questions

Question 3.
Describe the types of soil found in India and the crops that are grown in them?
The different types of the soils are:

1. Alluvial soil:
This soil is formed by the silt that comes with the flow of rivers. It is one of the most fertile soils on earth. It is found on the North Indian Plains and Deltas of Rivers in the Indian peninsula.
Example: wheat, rice, sugarcane, etc. are grown

2. Black soil:
This soil is made of volcanic rocks. It can keep moisture for a long time. It is found in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and in some parts of Gujarat.
Example: It is best for growing crops like cotton, wheat, etc.

3. Red soil:
It is made of igneous rocks. It is found in the hot and dry parts of southern and eastern parts of the Indianpeninsula. This soil is not very fertile but with the help of fertilizers good crops can be yielded.

4. Laterite soil:
This type of soil is found in Western Ghats, Plateau of chhota Nagpur and hilly areas of North – Eastern states where the climate is not and much rainfall occurs.

5. Mountainuous soil:
In the hilly areas of the Himalayas the layer of soil is very thin whereat in the valleys it is thick. In the valleys, crops like, tea, rice are grown.

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Question 4.
Show the states producing rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton and jute in the map of India?
See in your text – book.

MP Board Class 6th Social Science Solutions