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MP Board Class 10th English The Rainbow Solutions Chapter 21 Gitanjali (Rabindranath Tagore)
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Gitanjali Textbook Exercises
I. Distinguish between the following pairs of words:
new – recent
little – a little
through – thorough
together – to gather
current – currant
voyage – journey
infinite – the infinite
New—(Not existing before) She has got a new job.
Recent—(Which happened a short while ago): Mobile phones are a recent invention.
Little—(Not sufficient). There is little milk in the jug.
A little—(a small but sufficient quantity). A little milk is left in the kitchen to make two cups’ of tea. .
Through—(from one side to another). The cow ran through the field and damaged the crops.
Thorough—(perfect, complete). My father has thorough knowledge of current affairs.
Together—(unitedly) All our guests to the wedding came together.
To gather—(To bring to one place). A crowd gathered at the site of the accident.
Current—(happening at present). I am well aware of the current events in the country.
Currant—(sweet dried grape). Are you eating the currant bun?
Voyage—(journey by water). I made voyage in the river in a boat.
Journey—(a travel) A journey by bus is comfortable.
Infinite—(very great) You need infinite patience for this job.
The Infinite—(God) I believe in the mercy of the Infinite alone.
II. Find out from a dictionary, if you don’t know, what the following words and phrases mean:
little heart, at heart, by heart, heart and soul, take something to heart.
Little heart—the individual soul (jivatama).
At heart—in one’s real nature.
By heart—from memory.
Heart and soul—great energy and enthusiasm.
Take something to heart—to be much affected or upset by something.
III. Practise saying the following words with the correct stress and pronunciation.
pleasure, voyage, July, ages, diverse
A. Answer the following questions in about 25 words.
Explain: thou has made me endless, such is thy pleasure. This frail vessel thou emptiest again and again, and fillest it ever with fresh life.
The individual soul is a part of Supreme Brahman. The soul never dies. It is endless. The body is like a fragile vessel which is subject to decay and death. But the soul is immortal. It assumes the next body and fills it with fresh life. Here the poet refers to ‘transmigration of soul’.
What does “this little flute of a reed” stand for, and who carries it over hills and dales and breathes through it eternally new melodies?
‘This little flute of reed’ refers to the human body. The will power of the Supreme Power carries the human body everywhere (high and low). Through this body the jivatama breathes new tunes.
What does the poet mean by “utterance ineffable” and how is it born in his heart?
The human body utters unique tunes. The human body is only a frame of bones and flesh. It can do nothing on its own. When the soul enters the body it gets activated. It becomes operative. The heart starts beating and words/tunes gush forth from the body.
With what wish does the poet conclude the songs of Geetanjali?
The poet wishes to sing songs in honour of immanence and glory of God. His last wish is that he should wander here and there throughout the span of his life. In the end, he (the jivatama) should return to his eternal home (the feet of God) with reverence. This means he longs for emancipation from the snares of births and deaths.
What images does the poet use to express his final voyage to his eternal abode in the last verse of Geetanjali?
In the last verse of Geetanjali the poet uses the image of a flock of cranes. The birds keep singing the whole day but they wish to return to their mountain nests at night. In the same manner the poet wishes that he should sing songs in praise of the Almighty and seek permanent refuge in God’s feet (the eternal home).
B. Answer the following questions in about 50 words.
“Geetanjali begins in the statement: ‘Thou hast made me endless, such is thy pleasure’; it ends with the Jeeva’s voyage to its eternal abode. The wheel has come full circle”. Explain.
God has made the soul endless. It is his sport as well as sweet will. One who is born must die, and one who is dead must be reborn. After birth, till death the jivatama has to pass through several stages according to the life span of the human body. The wheel comes to full circle. The soul is transmigrated from one physical structure to another. The individual soul goes on its journey until it reaches its eternal home and finally rests there. That is the stage of renunciation and liberation from the snares of births and deaths.
“Tagore uses images from Indian mythology and the world of nature to express his longing for reunion with God.” Explain.
There is a myth that God causes deaths and births of human beings with His own will and pleasure again and again. He carries the people high and low and makes them sing the desired tunes. Man seeks boundless joy when he is touched by God’s hand. God ever showers His blessings on man. Man longs to bow with awe at God’s feet as the heavy rain clouds touch the earth. He wishes to sing different tunes in honour of God out of devotion. He loves to end his journey in the eternal home (feet of God) as the cranes desire to return to their mountain nests at night.
1.Perform the pair-activity given below. Your friend will ask you the question and you answer in the pattern suggested in the example.
Vicky—Shall we go then?
You—No, they haven’t finished eating yet.
Vicky—Have you done the crossword?
You—No, (I/gave up/try)
Vicky—Have you done the crossword?
You—No, I have given up trying it.
Vicky—Do you like football?
Vicky—Do you like football?
You—I enjoy watching football on TV.
Vicky—There is a story here in the paper about a 110-year-old.
You—Good Lord (I/can/not/imagine/be) so old.
Vicky—There is a story here in the paper about a 110-year- old.
You—Good Lord I cannot imagine any body being so old.
Vicky—Whose idea was it to invite all these people?
You—I am not sure someone (suggest/have/a party).
Now, you question and let your friend answer the questions in the given pattern.
Vicky—Whose idea was it to invite all these people?
You—I am not sure someone suggested to have a party.
How do you feel after you pray to God? Write your feelings. (50 words)
We pray to God to -thank Him for all His blessings- and to seek His further blessings for success in our life. We pray to God to make us able, capable and sincere in life. We wish that God should give us strength to labour hard and to succeed in our struggle.
Prayers are an unfailing means of achieving success in life. Praying to God and sitting idle is not the real prayer. After praying to God I feel strong and energetic. I feel that God is there to support me. I feel free from tension and anxiety. My mind feels cool and fresh. It makes me pure hearted, selfless and devoted.
Migratory birds fly back to their mountain nests after the winter season. Describe a homing flock of migratory birds and its flight. (150 words)
Millions of birds have disappeared from our environment due to man’s greed to make quick profit. Birds also desire to live. Travelling is one of the greatest mysteries of bird life. Birds travel from northern regions of Asia, Europe and Australia to the southern warmer lands every year during autumn and early winter. A flock of swallows was making its return journey again during spring and early summer.
Their migration speed was from 48 to 64 km. an hour. Their flight was delayed by bad weather. They faced many dangers and hardships while travelling long distances through the air over hills, forests, plains and large stretches of water. Once a strong storm arose and drove them far out of course. Most of them were blown right out to sea and were drowned in the wild waves. The bright lights attracted and confused them at night. They could not fly at their fastest. Still the lucky survivors flew back to their mountain nests after the winter season.
Think It Over
Count your blessings, not your troubles. We are so focused on complaining about things we don’t have that we lose sight of the things we have. There is a lot to be thankful for. Think and pen the blessings you are thankful for to God.
I live in a joint family. My grandparents are alive. My parents, uncles/cousins all live together in our own house. This is a rare thing in the present day world. My father has a good source of income. I study in a public school. I am healthy and wise. I have good looks and talent. I have good neighbours and helpful relatives. We have land, fixed deposit and our own conveyance. I am thankful to God for all these blessings.
Prayers are always answered. The answers may be ‘yes’ or W. It can also be an ‘alternative’ too. If your wish comes true it is good. If it is God’s wish it is even better. Ponder.
Things To Do
People of all places do pray. They word their prayers in enumerable ways. Collect prayers and write them in your project- book. Underline the lines of the prayers you liked the most and write why you consider them the best.
Gitanjali Additional Important Questions
A. Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:
1. Thou hast made me endless, such is thy pleasure. This frail vessel thou emptiest again and again, and fillest it ever with fresh life.This little flute of a reed thou hast carried over hills and dales, and hast
breathed through it melodies eternally new. (Page 176)
(a) The above lines have been taken from the poem
(ii) All the World’s a Stage
(iii) To the Cuckoo
(iv) Bridge Builder
(b) The one word used for ‘sweet songs’ in the extract is
(c) What is the human body compared to?
The human life is compared to a fragile vessel.
2. In one salutation to thee, my God, let all my senses spread out and touch this world at thy feet Like a rain-cloud of July hung low.with its burden of unshed shoxoers let all my mind bend down at thy door in one salutation to thee. (Page 177)
(a) The poet of these lines is
(i) John Keats
(ii) Robert Frost
(iii) Rabindranath Tagore
(iv) William Shakespeare
(iii) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) The one word used for ‘something loaded’ in the extract is
(c)What is the cloud burdened with?
The cloud is burdened with rain water.
I. Match the following:
1. The main theme of – (a) subject to births and deaths.
2. Tagore sings of the- (b) his jivatama should attain salvation.
3. God has made the soul – (c) Geetanjali is devotional.
4. The human body is – (d) immortal.
5. The poet wishes that – (e) immanence and glory of God.
1. (c), 2. (e), 3. (d), 4. (a), 5. (b).
II. Pick up the correct choice:
(i) ‘Gitanjali’ is written by:
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Swami Sivananda
(c) Swami Vivekananda
(d) Swami R.K. Paramhansa.
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
Choose the correct word:
(ii) (a) Thou hast made me ……………….. (infinite/endless).
(b) The ……………….. (infinite/eternal) gifts come to me only on the small hands.
(c) Let all my ………………. (organs/senses) spread out and touch this world at thy feet.
(d) Let all my life take its ………………… (journey/voyage) to its eternal home.
III. Write ‘True’ or ‘false’ :
1. The Gitanjali poems are characterized by a variety of subject matter.
2. The Gitanjali songs are mainly poems of ‘bhakti’.
3. The body is lifeless like the little flute of a reed.
4. The body can sing eternal songs without the soul.
5. The soul aspires to return to its eternal home.
IV. Fill in the following blanks:
1. ……………. hast made me endless.
2. God empties the ……………. vessel to fill it ever with fresh life.
3. Geetanjali contains songs of the immanence and ……………. of God.
4. The body (flute) utters unique things at the immortal touch of ……………… hands.
5. The poet prays that his jivatama should seek refuge in its ………………home.
B. Short Answer Type Questions (In about 25 words)
How does the soul persist when the body perishes?
Bodies appear and disappear but the changeless soul remains forever. As the soul experiences childhood, youth and old age in the body, he also passes on to another body. The same entity is retained while the soul migrates from one body to another.
How is the physical existence just like non-existence?
Our bodies were not existent in the distant past. They will not be in the distant future. Though, they are in existence now, their existence is equal to non-existence. The seers of truth behold the body and the pleasure and pain associated with it as unreal.
What is the nature of the soul?
The soul is another term for existence. It is real. It means awareness of pure consciousness. It remains untouched by time, space and causation. States of mind do not affect Atman. It is not subject to modification. It is ever itself.
Which modifications are undergone by the body? How is the Atman different from the body?
The body is constituted of elements. It undergoes six kinds of modifications (changes). They are to be born, to exist, to grow, to change, to decay and to perish. The Atman is unborn, eternal, constant and ancient. It is not killed when the body is slain.
C. Long Answer Type Question (In about 50 words)
In His absolute state, God is beyond the ken of mind and speech. He is indefinable. He is Sat (Reality or Existence), Chit (knowledge) and Anandam (Bliss). He is not affected by time, space or causation. The individual souls (Jivatmans) are the manifestations of the Reality (The Paramatman). God is life. Souls (Existence) have emanated from God. A man of devotion is attracted towards God as iron is attracted towards a magnet. God is love. Love of God leads to knowledge of Him. God is light. In a nutshell, God is life, light and love.
Tagore’s Gitanjali is devotional in its theme. It is pure poetry where the poet sings of the immanence and glory of God.
Gitanjali Summary in English
Oh God! You have made me endless. My soul assumes different forms. My body is like a little flute. You have filled it with different tunes and carry it high and low. Whenever your hand touches the reed it starts giving joyful tunes. You have been showering gifts on my little hands since ages and continue pouring them even now. Still there is room for more gifts
May my body and mind touch your feet in greeting like a rain cloud bowing down on earth with the weight of water. May all my songs sing your praise! May my entire life return to its eternal home in salutation as the flock of birds fly all around but return to their mountain nests at night.
Gitanjali Summary in Hindi
हे ईश्वर! आपने मुझे अनन्त बना दिया है। मेरी आत्मा भिन्न-भिन्न रूप स्वीकार करती है। मेरा शरीर एक छोटी बांसुरी की तरह है। आप इसे भिन्न-भिन्न धुनों से भरते रहते हैं। और इसे ऊपर और नीचे ले जाते रहते हो, जब भी आप का हाथ नरसल को छूता है तो यह मधुर ध्वनि देना प्रारम्भ करता है। आप युगों से मेरे छोटे हाथों के ऊपर उपहार उड़ेलते रहे हो और अब भी उड़ेलते जा रहे हो। फिर भी अभी तक उस उपहार लेने हेतु उनके अन्दर स्थान बाकी है।
मेरी इच्छा है कि मेरा शरीर और मस्तिष्क आपके चरणों को प्रणाम करें तथा झुककर छुएं जिस प्रकार वर्षा से भरा हुआ बादल, पानी के भार से नीचे झुक जाता है और पृथ्वी को छूता है। मेरी इच्छा है कि मेरे सारे गीत आपका गुणगान करें। मेरी इच्छा है कि मेरा संपूर्ण जीवन आपके सम्मान में अपने अनन्त घर में लौट जाए जिस प्रकार पक्षियों का झुण्ड इधर-उधर विचरने के पश्चात् रात को अपने पर्वतीय घोंसले में लौट जाता है।
Gitanjali Word Meanings
Some Important Pronunciations
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