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MP Board Class 10th English The Rainbow Solutions Chapter 16 All the World’s a Stage (William Shakespeare)
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All the World’s a Stage Textbook Exercises
All the World’s a Stage Vocabulary
I. Find single words in the poem which have the meanings given below:
1. a very young child, one who has not learnt to speak or walk.
2. an apparatus in a factory, in which metals and other substances are heated to very high temperature in an enclosed space.
3. full of interesting or exciting events.
4. the raised floor on which plays are performed in a theatre.
5. unsuitable for an adult.
II. What’s the meaning of the word ‘players’ in the poem? Explain in your own words.
The word ‘players’ in the poem means ‘actors’. As the actors play their parts on a dramatic/theatrical stage, in the same manner, human beings play their different roles in different ages of their lives.
A. Answer the following questions in about 25 words.
All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players:
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.
Shakespeare compares the world to a stage. Both men and women take birth and die. It means they come on the stage of life and play their parts like actors. Every man has to play different parts according to his span of life. The full life span is divided into seven ages.
Why does the poet compare the school boy to a snail?
A snail is a type of small soft animal usually with a hard round shell on its back, which moves very slowly. The school boy is also soft and delicate. He has to carry his satchel to school. He is not willing to go to school. Therefore, he walks slowly like a snail.
How does the soldier play his part on the stage of the world?
The soldier is full of strange oaths. He has a long beard like the General of the army. He is honour seeking. He does not mind quarrelling. He does not mind going into the mouth of the cannon to achieve the short living fame.
How does the justice act out his part on the stage of the world?
The justice is round bellied as he has fed on male chickens. He has severe looks. He plays his part on the stage of life successfully, using wise sayings and modern examples.
Why does the poet call man’s last age as “second childishness and mere oblivion”?
The old man becomes lean and weak. His manly voice gushes out like a whistle. He starts limping. He becomes childish and forgetful. He loses all his senses. He loses his digestive power but longs for youthful items. His memory too fails. His tastes and demands also become childish.
B. Answer the following questions in about 50 words.
“This poem is pictorial in effect as it draws the seven parts played by man on the stage of the world with extraordinary clarity and vivid force.” Explain.”
The poem ‘All the World’s a Stage’ gives pictorial description of seven stages in a man’s life. He enters the world as an infant who keeps crying. Then he starts going to school unwillingly. As a lover he sings woeful songs. As a soldier he desires to earn honour. As a judge he gives wise judgments. Then he becomes lean and thin but his voice is still manly. In the last stage he becomes childish and forgetful. He loses all his senses. He becomes helpless.
“The portraits of the soldier and the magistrate are quite satirical in this poem.” Comment on the above statement.
The soldier is full of silly and strange oaths. He shows himself off by keeping beards like a general. He picks up a quarrel to seek momentary fame. The justice becomes round bellied by feeding on male chickens. He has severe eyes. He is full of wise sayings. Both of these portraits are quite satirical. Instead of fighting in war, the soldier invites quarrels at all places. The justice has great wisdom, yet he feeds on male chickens.
I. Work in pairs. One of the pair will say the following words from the poem and the other will repeat the same along with the additional words as given in the text.
stage – All the worlds a stage
players – …………………
ages – ………………
nurse’s arms – ……………….
school boy – ………………
oaths – ………………………
sans everything – ………………………
stage – All the world’s a stage.
players – And all the men and women merely players.
ages – His acts being seven ages.
nurse’s arms – Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.
school boy – And then the whining school boy.
oaths – Full of strange oaths.
sans everything – Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.
II. You have been chosen by your dramatics teacher to prepare the costumes and make up for staging a playlet on. ‘The Seven Ages of Man.’ With the help of ideas given in the poem prepare a list of instructions for the costume designer and make up artist for creating the characters of your show.
The artist will be advised to make different types of costumes suiting different ages. He will design a blue frock/baby suit for the infant. Then he will design a school uniform of a student. Then he will sketch a model of a love lost lover. Then a soldier in military dress. Then the justice in his posh dress. Then a man with loose pantaloons and old socks. Then he will design an old man in white dress.
Paraphrase the extract “All the world’s a stage”. (50 words)
All the men and women are merely players on the world’s
stage. They come on the stage, play their parts and disappear. Every man plays many different parts during his life. He cries and vomits in the nurse’s arms as an infant. He goes to school unwillingly. As a lover he sighs like a furnace and composes poems on his mistress’s eyebrows. As a soldier he is quick in picking up a quarrel. He is not afraid even of the gun. As a judge he imparts wise justice. In his old age he becomes weak. His senses do not support him. He becomes childish and oblivious.
Write a paragraph on “Shakespeare as a great literary artist”. (150 words)
Shakespeare has dealt with all aspects of human life in all its complexity and variety. He has touched all elements of human experience and all segments of human sensibility. Shakespeare was a versatile genius. He wrote tragedies, comedies, tragicomedies, poems and sonnets. His mastery over natural scenes is beyond question. He has a keen insight into human nature. Shakespeare was a great literary artist. He was primarily concerned not with postulating theories of life but with the stuff of life itself. He was quite a rich and imaginative poet. He has touched every mood of graceful sentiment. He is a supreme poet in an age of great poetry. His description about the primal things as love, hate, hope, despair, courage, endurance etc. is very real. He has magical power over words. He is a universal literary gem of all time.
Think It Over
For all your days prepare and meet them over alike,
When you are the anvil, bear.
When you are the hammer, strike.
Now ponder and pen your thought in two sentences of your own.
Do your assigned duty earnestly for no work is small. Never shirk your duty. Do your duty considering it as the worship of God.
Henry Ford once said, “Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take eyes off your goal.” Think it over and confirm the statement with an example.
Every job is full of obstacles. Cowards do not start any work for fear of obstacles. The mediocres do not start a work for fear of obstacles. The main reason behind it is that they keep their eyes on impending obstacles. A man of firm determination keeps his eyes on the goal. He does not bother about the obstacles which he will have to face. He will tread the obstacles and achieve his goal in the end.
Things To Do
Convert this poem into a play script. Add your imagination to show traits of different phases of life, such as: childhood, boyhood, adolescence, youth, adulthood, senescence, old age.
All the World’s a Stage Additional Important Questions
A. Read the passages and answer the questions that follow:
1. At first the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.
And then the whining school-boy, with his satchel,
And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. (Page 135)
(a) The poem from which the above extract has been taken is
(i) Good Will
(ii) All the World’s a Stage
(iii) To the Cuckoo
(iv) The Bridge Builder
(ii) All the World’s a Stage
(b) The one word used for Tittle new born baby’ in the above extract is
(i) school boy
(c) How does the school boy go to school?
The school boy unwillingly goes to school creeping like a snail.
2. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,
Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation Even in the cannon’s mouth.
(a) The poet of the above lines is
(i) John Keats
(ii) William Wordsworth
(iii) William Shakespeare
(iv) Robert Frost
(iii) William Shakespeare
(b) The world for ‘a device for firing’ in the above extract is
(c) What does a man in his third stage quarrel for?
A man in his third stage quarrels for seeking bubble reputation.
I. Match the following:
1.. All the world’s – (a) pukes in the nurse’s arms.
2. All the men and women – (b) plays many parts.
3. One man in his time – (c) the bubble reputation.
4. The infant mewls and – (d) (are) merely players.
5. The soldier seeks – (e) a stage.
1. (e), 2. (d), 3. (b), 4. (a), 5. (c).
II. Pick up the correct choice.
(i) ‘All the World’s a Stage’ is written by:
(a) William Wordsworth
(b) William Shakespeare
(c) Thomas Gray
(d) John Keats
(b) William Shakespeare
(ii) A. All the men and women …………. (only/merely) players.
B. The lover sighs like a …………… (chimney/furnace)
C. The ……………….. (judge/justice) is full of wise saws and modern instances.
D. The old age is second …………… (childhood/childishness) and mere oblivion.
III. Write ‘True’ or ‘False’:
1. All the men and women have their exits and their entrances.
2. One man in his time plays only one part.
3. The school boy goes willingly to school.
4. The soldier is full of strange oaths and is jealous in honour.
5. One becomes sans everything in ripe old age.
IV. Fill up the following blanks:
1. His acts being ……… ages.
2. The soldier is …… and quick in quarrel.
3. The …………. age shifts into the lean and slippered pantaloon.
4. Last scene of all, that ends this strange ……. history.
5. His ………… hose well saved.
B. Short Answer Type Questions (In about 25 words)
What does an infant do according to the poem?
An infant is a very young child. He is normally up to the age of two years. He/She has no understanding. He is fully dependent on his nurse. He keeps on crying with broken voice, whenever he feels hungry. He spills milk and vomits in the nurse’s arms (lap).
How does Shakespeare depict a child?
The infant grows into a child. He begins to go to school. He is unwilling to leave the protected environment of his home. He does not find himself confident enough to exercise his own discretion. Therefore, he heads towards the school as slowly as the snail.
How does the lover play his role?
Adolescence turns the youth into a lover. Out of passion he sighs like a furnace. Most of the lovers prove failures. Such lovers feel remorseful due to some reason or the other. The main reason is loss/breach of love. It turns him into a maniac and he expresses his torn love in tearful (tragic) songs.
How does the poet sketch the role of a soldier?
In the poem, the soldier is compared to a modern day young adult. He thinks less of himself and more of others. He becomes hot headed and gets aroused soon. He is always working towards gaining recognition through short-lived reputation, even at the cost of his life.
How does the poet sketch the role of the justice?
Shakespeare is the poet of all ages. His justice can be compared to a modern-day adult. He has acquired wisdom through of various experiences life. He has gained prosperity and social status. He enjoys the finer things of life. He also becomes very attentive of his looks.
C. Long Answer Type Questions (In about 50 words)
How does the poet sketch the old age?
Old age is the worst and the most pitiable of all ages. Man in this age begins to lose both his physical and mental charm. He loses his assertiveness and firmness. He also shrinks in stature and personality. He loses his status and becomes a non-entity. Like a child, he becomes dependent on others. He needs constant support. He loses the function of all of his senses. He becomes a physical wreck due to his deformed figure. His life becomes hellish.
Shakespeare was a versatile genius. Justify.
Shakespeare wrote tragedies, comedies, tragicomedies, poems and sonnets. He was not of an age but of all times. He was not a man but a phenomenon. He was not an imitator but an instrument of nature. Nature spoke through him. He was never fresh. He dealt with the entire length and breadth of human life and character in all its complexity and variety. He combined various dramatic gifts in a balanced form. His mastery of individual scenes was beyond question. He had a keen insight into human nature. He was the master of human psychology.
All the World’s a Stage Introduction
William Shakespeare compares the world with a stage. Men and women come on this stage, play their parts and die. The poem describes the seven stages in a man’s life.
All the World’s a Stage Summary in English
The poet calls this world a stage. The human beings come and play their parts here.
There are seven stages in a man’s life. In his first stage, the infant cries and vomits in the nurse’s arms. The second stage is that of a school-boy who goes to school unwillingly. On growing up, he enters the third stage. He becomes a lover. He is full of passion for his mistress and composes sad songs. As a soldier, he takes a pledge to dedicate his services to the nation without fear of the enemy’s cannons.
As a judge in his fifth stage, he tries to maintain the dignity and honour of the Chair. He adapts mannerism to show his wisdom. Then he becomes lean and weak in his sixth stage. His strength fails him. His clothes become loose. He fails even to walk steadily. He still retains his manly voice. In the last stage, all of his senses betray him. He enters the stage of the second childishness and forgetfulness. He lives on the mercy of others.
All the World’s a Stage Summary in Hindi
कवि, इस संसार को मंच (स्टेज) कहता है। मानव यहां आकर अपनी भूमिका अदा कर देते हैं। अपनी प्रथम अवस्था में शिशु, रोता रहता है और नर्स की बाजुओं पर (गोद में) उलटी कर देता है। दूसरी अवस्था स्कूली-बालक की है जो अनिच्छा से स्कूल जाता है। तीसरी अवस्था में सयाना (वयस्क) होने पर वह प्रेमी बन जाता है। वह अपनी प्रेमिका (महबूबा) के प्रति कामुकता से भरा रहता है और उसके लिए दुखभरे गीतों की रचना करता है। सैनिक के रूप में वह तोप से भयभीत हुए बिना, राष्ट्र के प्रति अपनी सेवाएँ अर्पित करने की प्रतिज्ञा करता है। यह उसकी चौथी अवस्था
जज के रूप में वह अपनी कुर्सी की मान और मर्यादा को स्थापित रखने का प्रयत्न करता है। अपनी कुशलता दिखाने के लिए वह नैतिक रीतियों को अपनाता है। छठी अवस्था में वह दुबला और कमजोर हो जाता है। उसकी शक्ति क्षीण हो जाती है। उसके कपड़े ढीले हो जाते हैं। वह स्थिर गति से चलने में विफल हो जाता है। परन्त उसकी रौबीली आवाज बरकरार रहती है। उसकी अन्तिम अवस्था में उसकी सभी इन्द्रियां उसे चकमा दे जाती हैं। वह दूसरे शैशव और भुलक्कड़पन की अवस्था में प्रविष्ट हो जाता है। वह दूसरों के रहम पर जीवित रहता है।
All the World’s a Stage Word-Meanings
All the World’s a Stage Some Important Pronunciations
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