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MP Board Class 9th Special English Composition: Verbal Stimulus
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an excursion to Fatehgarh in summer. She has made the following notes. Use these, notes together with your own ideas and write the brochure in your answer sheet in not more than 750 words. [10 marks]
|What to see : Places, waterfalls, temples, gardens.
Palaces : Maharani’s Palace includes Wax Palace — 540 AD — Whispering galleries, Sculptures — ancient rulers — limbs missing in a few.
Waterfalls : Varsha — 500 feet, stream on the outskirts
Gardens : Rose gardens — Orchards — Vineyards
This summer, as usual, we have planned an excursion for the class — a visit to FATEHGARH which is not only beautiful but also has a historical significance.
Fatehgarh lies in the State of Uttar Pradesh. It is an eight-hour journey by bus. On reaching Fatehgarh we will be lounged in a Government Guest House. From there we shall proceed to visit the most famous place in Fatehgarh, the Maharani’s Palace, which includes the Wax Palace. It was built in 540 A.D. and it is known for its whispering galleries and the beautiful sculptures of ancient rulers. These sculptures are ancient so it is not surprising that the limbs of a few rulers in some of these sculptures may be found missing. This palace is indeed one of the few examples of ancient Indian art and gives us a peep into the glorious, rich cultural art of ancient Indian history.
To cool you in the summers we shall visit the Varsha waterfalls which fall from a height of 500 ft. It is a splendor to watch the water as it lashes down on to the ground and presents the most delightful sight. We also plan a visit to a stream which lies on the outskirts of Fatehgarh. Besides this our excursion will include a visit to the beautiful rose gardens, fruit orchards and vineyards to view the flowers and the fruits in their full bloom. It promises to be an excursion which should not be missed and. I can assure you that our visit to Fatehgarh will be most exciting and informative.
2. Sumit lives in a village. The entire village is worried about degradation of Nila Lake in the village. He writes an article for publication in the local newspaper highlighting various factors responsible for the degradation of the lake. Use the information given below and write the article in not more than 150-200 words. [10 marks]
|Construction of roads and bridges||Deforestation of catchment area||Illegal occupation||Pollution|
|1. Hooding||1. decrease in water level||1. Blockage of canals||1. Loss of water organisms|
|2. Disturbing the natural drainage||2. increase in the growth of weeds||2. flooding||2. fewer visiting birds|
|3. reduction of fish||3. shortage of drinking water|
I am being compelled to write this article to voice the concern of our entire village, Rampur, regarding the degradation of Nila Lake. This lake has been a part and parcel of our lives for numerous years and so it is very natural that out entire village, as a whole, is concerned about its degradation.
To provide easy access to our village the construction of numerous roads and bridges has been taken up in recent years. Unfortunately, this has led to flooding almost every year during the rainy season and has also disturbed the natural drainage system. Due to deforestation of a large portion of the catchment area around the lake the water level of the lake has decreased and there has been an increase in the growth of weeds. There is also a considerable amount of reduction of fish in the lake. Illegal occupation of land around the lake has led to blodsage of canals and shortage of drinking water. The lake water has become very polluted and there is a loss of water organisms. The number of migratory birds visiting the area has decreased. So, it is indeed pathetic to see this slow but sure degeneration of Nila Lake which has been a major source of sustenance of our entire village.
We sincerely hope that after going through this article in your esteemed newspaper concerned environmentalists will surely come forward to save Nila Lake from total degradation and effective measures will be taken up to improvise upon the present situation.
3. David of class IX-A is not coming to school because he is suffering from fever. He wants you to write an application to the Principal to excuse his absence from school for a week. Write this letter on his behalf taking help from the following notes. Your letter should not exceed 150 words. [10 marks]
Suffering — unable to even write — taking medicine/will take about a week — grant leave — will makeup — friends’ help — home work class work — thanks.
Sr. Sec. School
19 Dec. 20xx
1 am a student of your school. My name is David and I am studying in class IX-A. I am writing this tetter to you to inform you that I have been unable to attend school from 17 Dec. 2Oxx as I have been suffering from typhoid fever. I have been taking strong medicines to relieve myself of the misery but it will still take me about one more week to get well. At present I am unable to even write, so my friend is writing this application on my behalf. Please grant me one week’s leave. I will make up for the classes I will be missing with the help of friends and keep my class-work and home-work up-to date. I am sure you will understand my plight and grant me leave. Thanking yoii.
4. Nitin of 8, Napier Town, Jabalpur is not happy with the sanitary conditions of his locality. He decides to write a letter to the Local Sanitary Inspector of the town to look into the sorry state of affairs. Using the following notes, write out a letter in about 150 words. [10 marks]
The Sanitary Inspector
Jabalpur Municipal Corporation
27 Nov. 20xx
It is indeed appalling and unfortunate that the local civic bodies have remained indifferent towards the cleaning of our town. Our toivn presently is in a sorry state of affairs.
There are no sweepers to clear the heaps of garbage that lie unattended and start emitting foul smell. The garbage also attracts street dogs and pigs who scatter this garbage on the road. The drains of our locality are perpetually blocked and this creates totally insanitary and unhygienic conditions. Installation of dust- bins in the locality has not really helped to improve the situation because even if people make use of these dustbins to dispose of garbage, these dust-bins are rarely emptied. It is advisable to supply big polythene litter bags, instead of dust-bins, which make disposition of garbage easier. The water logging in the locality has proved an ideal breeding place for mosquitoes. The need of the hour is to have regular visits of officials from your department to inspect the locality and to have meetings with the residents of the locality in order to make our locality a better and hygienic place to live in.
I hope you will personally supervise this situation and we hope to hear from you soon.
8, Napier Town
5. You are required to write an article for your school magazine on ‘Importance of music in life.’ Write it with the help of these notes in about 150-175 words. [10 marks]
5 March 20xx, 2 P.M.
On entering the examination hall to appear far my first public examination, the Science Olympiad, I had an extremely nervous feeling. The examination hall presented a rather dreary look. The only saving grace, in my opinion, was a beautiful and enchanting portrait of Virgin Mary
Fine Art — Vocal1 — Instrumental — All age groups — Natural gift — food for soul — Great musician — Western — Oriental — Classical — Pop — Light — Concerts — Competitions — Suggestions — School to provide facilities.
Music, be it vocal or instrumental, has indeed assumed a place of importance in our complicated and hectic lives. It acts as a stimulant which activates our body and mind. Music is also regarded as a fine art which attracts people of all age-groups to pursue it not only as a hobby but also as a profession. A person endowed with musical capabilities regards this attribute as a natural gift which provides food for his soul. Some of the great musicians are held in very high esteem irrespective of the kind of music they propagate, whether Western, Oriental, Classical, bop or Light. These musicians organise their concerts which attract people from all walks of life. These concerts can also be of great benefit to the children, who are interested in pursuing music as a hobby or career in their lives to receive musical training at the school level itself. By receiving training in music from a very young age the basics of music will be instilled in a child and he will be able to relate to music very easily at a later stage in life. Therefore each school should have the facilities needed to give proper musical training to children. It is true that life these days is full of tension and worries at every age. If there is no stimulating diversion in the form of music for a person, his life will become dismal and monotonous.
6. John writes a page of his diaiy recording his first experience of a public examination. Below are listed his experiences. Using these notes write out a page of his diary in about 150-175 words. [10 marks]
Nervous feeling — praying to God — lots of noises around — students rushing towards examination hall — finding the correct seats — a condition of the examination hall — receiving the question paper — instructions from the examiner — reading of the paper — beginning to write — revising — rewriting — finishing in time.
5 March 2Oxx, 2 P.M
On entering the examination hail to appear for my first public examination, the Science Olympiad, 1 had an extremely nervous feeling. The examination hail presented a rather dreary look. T&e only saving grace, in my opinion, was a beautiful and enchanting portrait of Virgin Mary with Baby Jesus in her arms, hung inside the examination hall, to invoke a sense of confidence in the students and to remind us that we had the guidance and blessings of the Lord. I prayed to God fervently uncaring about the noise around me. The other students were rushing towards the examination hall and were busy in finding the correct seats in a hall that looked huge and overwhelmingly frightening. Once everyone had been seated, the examiner gave us some instructions regarding what toe were required to do and what we were strictly prohibited from doing.
Then I received the Question Paper and I sat thoughtfully reading and reflecting on it. After I had given a thorough reading to the Question Paper, I began to answer it keeping in mind the fact that I had three hours to complete the paper. I managed to complete the paper fifteen minutes before the stipulated time and then began revising my paper. I spotted and corrected the few silly mistakes and errors that I had made and rewrote some lines. After being totally satisfied with all that I had written, I finished my paper, took God’s name for yet another time and finally submitted it to the examiner.
7. Gopal of 12, Raja Mandi, Agra wants to express his displeasure to the Newspaper Editor regarding the news that the bus stand near the railway station is being shifted to a new location. He feels that this would cause great hardship to the passengers. He made these notes for writing a letter to the Editor, The Times of India, New Delhi. Using these notes write a letter in about 750 words. [10 marks]
The existing-bus Stand — convenient — travellers by train — travellers by bus — poor people to spend extra — wastage of time, money and energy — inconvenience to shopkeepers near the bus stand — closeness to the market also for visitors — suggested to add one more at a distance — if urgent.
The Times of India
19 Dec. 2Oxx
Through the mediutr of this letter I wish to express my displeasure at the news that the bus stand, which is near the railway station, is being shfted to a new location.
This will indeeJ be a cause of great hardship to the passengers who are commuting daily by bus and train. The present location of the bus stand is very convenient for the people who have to travel by train from their homes to their place of work. These daily commuters find it extremely easy to board a bus from near the railway station where they disembarl from the train. If the bus stand is shifted, the common man will be forced to waste his time, energy and money unnecessarily. Many shops have also come up in the vicinity of the bus stand. These shopkeepers will also lose their earnings if the bus stand is shifted because their regular clients are those people who commute daily by bus and the tourists who come to visit Agra in order to see one of the Wonders of the world, The Taj Mahal. Even the commuters have an easy access to the market from where they can purchase the goods for their daily needs easily.
I suggest a solution to this problem. If the urgency is felt, it is advisable to add one more bus stop at a distance instead of shifting the present bus stand to a new location and causing a great deal of incon-venience to all.
12, Raja Ki Mandi
8. Special repairs are required in your rented house. You have to write a letter to your landlord asking him to undertake the repair work immediately. Take the help of these notes and write your letter in not more than 150 words.[10 marks]
Roof leaking — Wall plaster came out — Window panes broken — Floor has potholes — Switches loose — White washing — Paints on the doors and windows — Can share the cost — to be deducted from the rent — Urgent attention requested.
A-394, XYZ Colony
11 June, 20xx
Dear Mr. Dev,
I had -written to you earlier also to get some repair work done in your house, which you have rented to me.
Now since the rainy season is at the onset, I reiterate my request to you to undertake this repair work immediately. The roof is leaking at various places and the wall plaster has also come off. Not only this, the floor has pot-holes which cause a lot of inconvenience. The window panes of three windows are broken making the house an easy prey to the warm winds and dust from outside. The switches too are loose and there is a danger of short circuit. The premises also needs white-wash and paint on the doors and windows. The house is indeed in a pathetic and appalling stale and requires urgent repairs. I am willing to share the cost of the repairs with you. With your permission I can get the repairs done myself and the expenditure can be later deducted in the rent in monthly instalments.
I request you to give priority attention to this matter and hope to hear from you at the earliest.
9. You had sent a Money Order of Rs. 100 to M/s Subroto Publishing House, 36 Tagore Gardens, Kolkata as per the details giveiu below, But it has not reached them till date. The details are : Money Order Registration No. 119 dated 2-l-20xx. Your address is 11, Teachers’ Colony, Naraingarh, (Punjab).
Write a letter of complaint to the Post Master in about 150 words. [10 marks]
The Post Master
31 January, 20xx
I would like to give in a written complaint regarding a misplaced Money Order that I had sent from your Post Office to Kolkata.
The Money Order Registration No. is 119 dated 2nd January 20xx. I had sent this Money Order of Rs. 100 to M/s Subroto Publishing House, 36, Tagore Gardens, Kolkata for a book that I needed urgently. On enquiring from them yesterday 1 found out that they had not dispatched the book because they have not yet received the required payment, whereas I have already sent Rs. 100 through a Money Order to them almost one month ago. Due to some negligence on the part of the Post Office Department, my Money Order has not yet reached them. I need the book urgently to prepare for my exams scheduled to start in the middle’ of March. So, it is my earnest request to you to look personally into the matter and make sure that my Money Order is received in Kolkata as soon as possible.
I hope you will ensure that my complaint is attended to at the earliest.
11, Teachers’ Colony
10. Gauri saw the following information about an exciting discovery. She is thrilled to read about it and decides to write a letter to her friend in the country-side, on the advancement in Scieiice and Technology. Write a letter using the information from the newspaper article. Your answer should not exceed 150 words. [10 marks]
A radio transmitter, as small as a cigarette package that could be used to replace gigantic mobile telephone masts that are thought by’some to spoil the country-side, has been developed by Michael Roberts, an electronics expert at Leeds University, England.
A -394 A Palam Colony
11th February, 20xx
I ant writing this letter to you to discuss the immense change that our whole life has undergone with the advancement of Science and Technology as a result of which we are able to bring a drastic change in our lifestyle.
Various new scientific discoveries and inventions in every sphere of life have brought people of the world closer. I read an article about an exciting discovery lately of downsizing transmitters through which a radio transmitter as small as a cigarette package could be used to replace gigantic mobile telephone masts. This device has been developed by Michael Roberts, on electronics expert at Leeds University, England. But some environmentalists feel that the installation of these transmitters will act as a foil to the naturalness and serenity of the country-side. Since you too live in the country-side, do write to me your opinion about this matter in your next letter. I am sure you are in a better position to realize the intensity of this drastic change made by the advancement of Science and Technology because even though you are living in the country-side you are connected amazingly well with the city through the excellent means of communication. Modern gadgets have indeed made the world jump forward with a leap, built up a glittering civilization, opened up innumerable avenues for growth of knowledge and added to the power of man to a great extent.
To conclude this letter I would just add that it now seems possible to conceive that man can actually triumph over and shape even his physical environment.
11. Recently Geetha saw an advertisement in the newspaper that read “How to look young”. After reading it she feels strongly . about the use of synthetic creams and dyes to make people look young, and writes a letter about it io the Editor of the newspaper “The Herald” on ‘How to keep fit and be young’. Write this letter in about 150-200 words, using information from the newspaper advertisement together with your own ideas. [10 marks]
22nd March 2Oxx
I had. a chance of going through an advertisement in the newspaper about a certain cream that the advertisers claimed could make people look young. I was indeed astonished that in this day and age of modernisation there are people who are able to make a complete fool of others.
I am writing this letter to you to express my opinion about the use of synthetic creams and dyes that claim to have the ability to make a person look young. I strongly condemn the use of these creams and dyes which contain extremely harmful chemicals which can cause very severe adverse side-effects. Aging is a slow and gradual process and one must face it gracefully and should not be misled by false claims offered in the form of synthetic creams and dyes which do more harm than good. The real way to remain fit and healthy is to do regular exercise, eat balanced and the right kind of nutritious food and live a tension-free and happy life. This is the actual key to a fit and healthy life. The use of artificial products to look young on the contrary makes one look like a fool. We should always remember that these products contain many harmful ingredients that could possibly cause some severe allergic reaction.
12. You feel that facilities for tourists could be improved in India. Write a letter to the Secretary, Department of Tourism in your State, highlighting the need for improving facilities for tourists to promote tourism in your region. Also suggest what facilities you would like to be extended to the tourists in your region. Your answer should not exceed 150 words. [10 marks]
Department of Tourism
Date: 17 Jan. 20xx
Recently, on reading an article about the tourist traffic to India and especially to our State which has one of the wonders of the world, I was quite perturbed to look at the figures. We are not getting enough tourists as we should get.
To get more tourists. We will have to develop the infrastructure and make the facilities world aass. A pleasant stay and easy access to the tourist spots are two may – factors that attract the tourists to a city. So, the tourism department shoved endeavor to improve upon the facilities provided by its lodges and bungalows and make access to these tourist spots from these lodges convenient. Furthermore, the tourist spots should be kept clean and a specific amount of money should be sanctioned for their maintenance. Last, but not the least, each and every one of us should make a sincere effort to keep our city clean, as a beautiful and clean city beckons the tourists.
By making these simple, but significant things possible, I am sure, tourism in our city can be improved.
13. In an inter-school debate, you have to speak in favour of the motion ‘Modem Gadgets have made us slaves to machines’, write a speech in favour of this motion. Write the speech in your answer sheet in not more than 150 words. [10 marks]
Modern gadgets have made us slaves to machines without which we are certain that out lives will come to a standstill. They have made the world jump forward with a leap, built up a glittering civilization, opened up innumerable avenues for the growth of knowledge, and added to the power of man to such an extent that it is possible to conceive that man could triumph over and shape his physical environment. Through the astonishing discoveries of these modem gadgets, man has been able to give a definite form to his imagination. It is indeed a fact that as a result of the invention of modern gadgets the tone and temper of life has changed, beyond recognition. Through wireless telegraphs and fax machines messages can now be easily sent to any part of the world. Modem gadgets incorporate all the comforts and highest standards in engineering innovation and reliability that have greatly contributed to man’s welfare. New equipment for navigation, data-processing, computer-controlled radar system providing information on a variety of new products for use at construction sites are only some of the advantages of modern gadgets. They have also greatly contributed to our entertainment as radios, televisions, compact discs both audio and visual — are now no longer considered as luxury items but have assumed the status of being referred to as necessities. Indeed the advantages of these gadgets are so many that they appear to have revolutionised every phase life.
14. Anita John of class X has just returned from a visit to Ooty which is in the grip of a severe water crisis. She finds that her hometown is also facing the same problem. She had picked up the following pamphlet from her hotel room and wants it to be publicised. [10 marks]
Water Is Life
|Washing hands and face||✓ DOS
Half fill basin—2 litres
Wash under running tap for 3 minutes-27 litres
|Brushing teeth||Use a glass of water— reuse—1/2 litre||Let tap run for 5 minutes— 45 litres|
|Showering||Turn off tap before soaping then rinse down— 20 litres||Let tap run while soaping— 90 litres|
|Bathing||Take a shower instead||Fill bath tub—110 litres|
|Leaky tap||Get it repaired||Let it drip
Slow drip—400 litres a day
Fast drip—3000 litres a day
She decides to write a letter to the editor of the local newspaper highlighting ways and means of saving water. Write this letter in your answer sheet using information from the pamphlet together ’ with your own ideas in not more than 150 words. [10 marks]
13, Baird Road
11 June 20xx
I have returned from a visit to Ooty recently, which was in the grip of a severe water crisis. On returning to Pune, I found that the water problem is equally pathetic here. So, I would like to suggest certain measures to save water. I had picked up a pamphlet from the hotel where we were staying at Ooty which highlighted ways to save water and I want it to be publicised through your esteemed newspaper. Washing our hands and face under a running tap for only two minutes wastes about 27 lities of water whereas a half filled basin can do this work with only 2 litres of water. While brushing our teeth if we let the tap run for five minutes we waste 45 litres of water but if we use a glass of water, we consume only half a litre of water. If we turn off the tap while soaping our body before bathing we use only 20 litres of water, whereas if we let it run we waste about 90 litres. We should avoid using bath-tubs as a filled bath tub wastes 110 litres of water. A leaky tap must be repaired immediately because if the tap is allowed to leak slowly it wastes 400 litres of water a day and a fast drip wastes 3000 litres of water a day.
If each and every one of us understands it and decides to follow this simple but very important rule, we are sure to remedy our present water crisis to a great extent.
15. Read the following extra from an article in a magazine and then using your own ideas as well, write- an article for your school magazine on the Delights and Usefulness of Walking. Write your answer in about 150-200 words. [10 marks]
‘Walking has its own delights. in India walking is associated with deprivation and poverty. “If you have a car why walk?” asked the professor, revving up his Fiat for the few metres from his house to the college building. Pavements and pedestrians get second class treatment.
The saying aptly goes, ‘A healthy body has a healthy mind’. So, it is imperative for each one of us to keep good health if we want our mind to be alert. In today’s hectic and busy life it may at times seem difficult to devote time for activities that keep us fit. This is where walking proves to be the most useful and easy activity.
Walking not only keeps our body healthy by the circulation of blood but also provides a delightful respite for us by the sheer delight it gives. But, it is indeed a pity that some people who are most interested in walking refrain from it because in India walking is associated with deprivation and poverty. Their false pride and wrong thinking make them travel by car for even the shortest of distance. They would prefer to miss out on the delights of walking and prefer not to care about the good it would do to their health so as not to endanger their false prestige. It. is high time that the educated lot of Indians put aside these petty notions and live their life for themselves and live it according to what they feel is best for them. Walking does not indicate deprivation and poverty and it is only the thinking of certain narrow-minded people who have categorised the people walking or pedestrians as second class people.
Walking should be enjoyed as it gives pleasure and provides a wonderful opportunity for us to be in direct contact with nature, unlike at times irksome and suffocating journey in a closed vehicle.
16. Read the following summary of a study conducted titled The Impact of Television Advertising on Children. Then based on the information in the summary and your own ideas on the subject, write an article for the school magazine titled Children and T.V. Advertising. Write your answer in about 150-200 words. [10 marks]
One Year Out Of Ten Is Spent
- On an average, children in Delhi watch 17 hours of TV every week. Children spend more time in front of the small screen than on hobbies and other activities, including home work and meals.
- The average 8-year old spends about 68 hours every month, 30 days (of 24 hours each) every year, and one entire year i out of 10 exclusively on watching television.
- Seventy five percent of children said they loved watching ads, on TV
- Children below eight like advertisements better than the programmes and see them as pictures with storylines. Only older children understand the ad’s intention on sell.
Source : The Impact of Advertising on Children by Namita Unnikrishnan and Shailaja Bajpai.
Children And Tv Advertising
Television has become a very popular mode of entertainment which, is unfortunately also making children more and more addicted to watching J it. The television programmes pose to dominate their daily routine and many a time children do not even hesitate to ignore their studies because, of their passion to stay glued to the television sets.
Almost seventy-five percent of the children, who watch television most ; eagerly, are essentially interested in seeing the advertisements on the television. Children in the younger age group, below ten years of age, view the advertisements with more interest and enthusiasm than they watch any other programme on television. This is so because they see these advertisements as wonderful and short pictures with story lines. Their impatient nature is able to endure these short ad films with a lot of patience. These young children are totally taken in by the vibrant and glorious world shown in the various ad films.
It is only the older and mature children who understand that the ad films’ mere intention is to lure the consumer into buying their products by elevating their goods to a high scale where they appear most appealing and attractive. So, it is our moral responsibility to make sure that the young children’s innocent and ignorant minds are not impressed by what 1 the ad films have to offer, but they view them solely for their entertainment.
17. Maria of 7, Gandhi Road, Jaipur, is very interested in sports and concerned about the state of sports in the country. She decides to write a letter to the editor of The Herald, Jaipur, on Why can’t we win an Olympic Gold? She made some notes for her letter. Using the notes and your own ideas, write out the letter in not more than 150 words. [10 marks]
No sports ‘culture’ — not enough emphasis on sports in schools — facilities for training and coaches lacking — funds/sports scholarships very few — talented do not get sponsors or jobs — public, selectors and trainers not interested enough — plenty of talent in the nation — only we are unable to spot and nurture 4. Answer:
The Herald Jaipur
12 Sept. 20xx
I write this letter to you as a concerned spgrts enthusiast to express my anguish at the poor state of sports in our country as a result of which we have been unable to win a gold medal in the Olympic Games held so far.
I feel that there is no sports culture m our country, in general, and so we are not able to nurture and groom the plenty of talent that our nation has. When the sportspersons of our country have to play and compete with international players in the World Olympics, their training and coaching should also match to that available to their international counterparts. Whereas in our country, the facilities for training and coaching are lacking and to a certain extent expenditure to enhance these facilities is sometimes considered as not necessary. We may fail to realize the importance of coaching centres in our day to day life but our inability to win a gold medal at the Olympic Games so far should make us realize the importance of training centres. It is also very unfortunate that the funds and sports scholarships available to budding sportspersons are very few. Political intervention at the time of selection alSo at times prevents the selectors in selecting the better players to play at the international level. Last but not the least the public in general and the selectors and trainers in particular do not seem to be affected by the lack of this “sports culture’ in our country.
Through your esteemed newspaper I wish to appeal to the people in general and specially the sports enthusiasts to give the sports culture in our country the boost and enhancement that has been long due.
7, Gandhi Road
18. Vijay witnessed an accident near the school gate where a child fell down and was hurt quite badly. Many people were standing around but did not know what to do. Finally, someone who had a car quickly took him to hospital. However, Vijay felt that at least some of the students should have been able to render first-aid. He decided to write a letter to the editor about the importance of knowing first-aid. Using your own ideas write out Vijay’s letter in not more than 150 words. [10 marks]
17th October, 20xx
Last week, 1 witnessed an accident near the school gate where a child fell down and hurt himself badly. The people standing around were unable to do anything except look on helplessly. It was at this moment that I realized the importance of knowing first-aid.
I feel that it is imperative for students especially and the people in general to at least have the basic knowledge of rendering first-aid in case of an emergency. The use of first-aid often helps us to sustain a life till proper medical aid is available. The knowledge of first-aid will prove helpful not only in case of an accident, but also to treat a bum victim, help a drowned casualty and at times just to stop one from bleeding. The importance of first-aid should be instilled into the minds of children at the school – stage itself so that they do not panic in an accidental situation but cautiously and sensibly put their knowledge about rendering first-aid to the person who requires it into practice. Nothing is more precious to a person than his life and if timely use of first-aid can help someone till the time professional medical help is available, it can prove to be the life-saving remedy.
19. Gaurav read the following in a newspaper article At the heart of the literacy campaign is the volunteer, who as instructor, resource person or local organiser, gives freely of her or his time and puts in enormous effort to make the campaign succeed.
He decided to speak at the school assembly on the experience of students who volunteer to take literacy classes. Using your own ideas write out his speech in about 150-200- words.
Illiteracy is one of the major problems that confront our country.
This problem assumes ala ming proportions because of the democratic rule in our country. Democracy, which postulates enlightenment, is by and large a blessing, and illiteracy, “which implies ignorance, is therefore a curse.
To eradicate illiteracy to some extent, barious students volunteer to take literacy classes and feel proud to help their unfortunate countrymen who have been deprived of the privilege of being educated. These voluntary workers, after receiving certain incentives and being provided with the requisite facilities ensure better results in the social arena. They have adopted new paths and motivated a large section of masses towards their literacy classes. This voluntary service on the part of students, has proven to be an effective measure for reaching out to the uneducated masses and thereby further helped the illiterate persons to eradicate their constant exploitation and humiliation at the hands of society. The students have helped these people to become aware as to why they have been deprived and motivated them to move towards change.
By undertaking this creditable, but herculean task, these students feel a sense of pride in being able to make their contribution to take their country oh the path of fast growth and progress.
20. You are required to speak on ‘Pollution’ in the school morning assembly. Prepare your speech taking help from the following points. You may use ideas contained in the unit ‘Environment’. Write your speech in not more than 150 words. [10 marks]
Environment — air — water — noise
Environmental pollution is one of the major hazards that are threatening the ecological balance. The air that we inhale is polluted, the water we drink is contaminated and noise pollution has managed to take away the calmness and serenity from our otherwise hectic and tense lives. One of the main sources of pollution is the heavy and congested traffic which causes. concentration of smoke and harmful particles in the atmosphere which is a permanent or chronic cause of various respiratory disorders. The incessant felling of trees, building of dams and the upcoming unplanned congested localities have disturbed the ecological balance to an alarmingly high level. To remedy this situation the urgent need of the hour is to plant as many trees wherever possible and to shift the factories and mills to places where their effect on pollution of the environment is minimised. To control traffic, car pools must be made so that-the emission- levels from vehicular traffic can be reduced to the desired levels.
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